Reducing sizing machine is a new technology used in high speed wire mill in recent years. The unit is usually composed of 2 reducing machines, 2 sizing machines and 1 set of combined transmission transmission system. At present, there are mainly Morgan type, west mark type, two - module type. Among the more mature applications are the reducing sizing units of Morgan company and danieli company, and the reducing sizing units developed by ximark have not been put into actual production. The Morgan - type caliper adopts the oval - round - round - round pass system. The simak reducing sizing machine adopts the ellipse - circle - ellipse - round pass system. The two-module mill was developed by DAN IEL I in the 1990s, and its sizing mill USES an elliptic-circular-elliptic-circular pass system, in addition to a three-roller pass reducer mill, which is not discussed here.
By means of finite element analysis software, this paper simulates the rolling process of two kinds of reduced-diameter pass systems, i.e., elliptic-circular-circle and elliptic-circular-elliptic-circle, and analyzes the deformation characteristics, the size of the rolled piece and the variation of the rolling pressure. The analysis can deepen the understanding of the groove system of the high-speed wire.High - speed wire sizing set followed by finishing mill group. The main function of the reducing sizing unit is as follows: 1) adopt low pressure rolling to ensure high accuracy of product size; 2) can realize free size rolling, which is conducive to the production of small batch and non-standard wire. 3) simplified the pass system and reduced the roll changing time; 4) low temperature control rolling process can be implemented to effectively improve the performance of wire. Therefore, the design of reducing bore should meet the above requirements. The reduced-size pass system used by domestic high speed wire mill is mostly imported from abroad together with the equipment. For example, if the specification of a factory is <21 mm round steel, an elliptic-circular-circular-circular pass system is adopted, as shown in fig.1a. For steel of <21 mm, an elliptic-circular-elliptic-circular pass system is adopted in another plant, as shown in FIG. 1b.